The Gaza Strip explained in maps | Israel-Palestine conflict News

Israeli air raids have killed at the least 31 individuals, together with six youngsters, throughout the Gaza Strip. Greater than 250 others have been wounded.

The Israeli assaults on Gaza have destroyed condominium buildings and struck refugee camps. The Palestinian armed group Islamic Jihad has responded by firing rockets in direction of Israel. In response to Israeli media, most have been intercepted by the Iron Dome missile defence system and no severe accidents have been reported.

The Israeli army says it’s getting ready for every week of operations. In the meantime, Egypt and the United Nations are attempting to dealer a truce.

Within the following collection of maps, Al Jazeera takes you on a journey throughout Gaza’s 5 governorates, highlighting key places, together with hospitals, faculties, universities, UN compounds, refugee camps, crossings and different important infrastructure.

INTERACTIVE - How Big is Gaza
(Al Jazeera)

Fifteen years of Israeli blockade

Gaza has a inhabitants of about 2.1 million individuals residing in 5 governorates: North Gaza, Gaza Metropolis, Deir al-Balah, Khan Yunis, and Rafah. Bordered by Israel and Egypt on the Mediterranean coast, the strip is about 365 sq. kilometres (141sq miles). At solely 41km (25 miles) lengthy, it will possibly take lower than an hour to drive from Rafah within the south to Beit Hanoun within the north.

Since 2008, Israel has waged 4 wars on the Palestinian territory, killing 1000’s of individuals, largely civilians. Throughout Israel’s final offensive on Gaza, Israeli assaults killed at the least 261 individuals, together with 67 youngsters, and wounded greater than 2,200, in line with the United Nations.

The 11-day assault broken at the least 51 schooling services, together with 46 faculties, two kindergartens, a United Nations Aid and Works Company for Palestine Refugees within the Close to East (UNRWA) coaching centre, and elements of the Islamic College of Gaza, in line with the UN.

Israeli raids additionally broken at the least six hospitals and 11 main healthcare centres, together with Gaza’s solely COVID-19 testing laboratory.

INTERACTIVE Gaza 15 years of living under blockade infographic
(Al Jazeera)

North Gaza

The district of North Gaza shares a 10km (6 miles) lengthy border with Israel. The Gaza Strip is surrounded by a closely fortified perimeter consisting of a concrete wall and double-wired fencing. Anybody who steps inside 1km (0.6 miles) of this barrier is in peril of being shot by the Israeli military, which patrols Gaza’s northern and japanese borders.

The Beit Hanoon crossing, often called Erez to Israelis and managed by the Israeli military, is Gaza’s solely northern crossing into Israel. From there, Palestinians with particular permits – often for pressing medical therapy – are allowed to go away Gaza on their approach to Jerusalem or the West Financial institution. Gaza is simply about 100km (62 miles) from Jerusalem, however due to tight safety measures, it turns into a number of hours of journey. Since 2007, Israel has imposed a sea and air blockade of Gaza.

North Gaza is house to the most important refugee camp within the Strip. The Jabalia refugee camp covers an space of 1.4sq km (0.5sq miles), and with a inhabitants of 114,000, it is likely one of the most densely populated locations on Earth.

INTERACTIVE: North Gaza mapping
(Al Jazeera)

Gaza Metropolis

Gaza Metropolis is the most important and most populous metropolis inside the Gaza Strip, with greater than 700,000 residents. Rimal, Shujaiya and Tel al-Hawa are amongst its most well-known neighbourhoods.

On the coronary heart of the Rimal neighbourhood is Al Shifa Hospital – the most important medical facility within the Gaza Strip.

Surrounding the hospital are a number of UN compounds, together with UNRWA, the Workplace of the United Nations Particular Coordinator for the Center East Peace Course of (UNSCO) and the UN Improvement Programme (UNDP). Gaza’s prime universities – together with the Islamic College of Gaza, Al-Azhar College – Gaza and the Al-Aqsa College, that are just some hundred metres aside – are additionally situated within the Rimal neighbourhood.

The Shati refugee camp, often known as Seaside Camp, is situated alongside Gaza’s Mediterranean shoreline and is the third-largest out of the Gaza Strip’s eight camps.

INTERACTIVE Mapping Gaza key locations Gaza City
(Al Jazeera)

Deir el-Balah

Named after the “Monastery of the Date Palm”, Deir el-Balah is one in every of Gaza’s largest agricultural producers. It’s also house to 4 refugee camps: Nuseirat, Al Bureij, Al Maghazi and Deir el-Balah.

Gaza’s solely working energy plant is situated alongside the district’s boundary with Gaza Metropolis. For the previous 10 years, the Gaza Strip has suffered from power electrical energy shortages, which have severely affected its skill to offer important providers together with well being, water and sanitation providers, manufacturing and agriculture.

Solely 5 p.c of Gaza’s water is protected to drink and 68 p.c of its inhabitants suffers from meals insecurity, in line with the UN.

INTERACTIVE-Mapping-Gaza-key-locations-Deir-al-Balah
(Al Jazeera)

Khan Yunis

The district of Khan Yunis is house to some 400,000 individuals. At its centre is the Khan Yunis refugee camp, house to about 87,000 individuals.

In 2005, practically 8,000 Jewish settlers and Israeli troopers residing in 21 settlements round Gaza have been relocated largely to the occupied West Financial institution following a call by then-Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon to unilaterally disengage from the Gaza Strip. Most of those settlements have been in Khan Yunis.

Israel claimed its occupation of Gaza since 1967 has ended because it has pulled its troops and settlers from the territory however worldwide legislation views Gaza as an occupied territory as a result of Israel has full management over Gaza’s borders, airspace and territorial waters.

INTERACTIVE Mapping Gaza key locations Khan Yunis
(Al Jazeera)

Rafah

Rafah is the southernmost district of Gaza with a inhabitants of greater than 250,000. The district is greatest identified for the crossing with Egypt that bears its title.

In 2020, the Rafah crossing and the Erez crossing into Israel have been open for under 125 days, in line with the UN. Palestinians who want to depart should apply for a restricted variety of passes to go away the Gaza Strip. This course of could take weeks or months, relying on the standing of the border.

Those that are in a position to get by way of the Rafah crossing should then make a six-to-eight-hour journey by way of the Sinai Desert passing a number of Egyptian checkpoints on their approach to Cairo, about 400km (250 miles) away. Rafah’s second crossing into Egypt is the Salah al-Din gate, which is used for transporting items.

The third crossing from Rafah is the Israeli-controlled Karem Abu Salem crossing, often called Kerem Shalom to Israelis.

Gaza has no purposeful airports after Israel bombed and demolished the Yasser Arafat Worldwide Airport in 2001, solely three years after it opened.

Gaza once more is the scene of widespread destruction and human struggling and stays the place typically described as “the world’s largest open-air jail”.

INTERACTIVE Mapping Gaza key locations Rafah
(Al Jazeera)

Will fighting in Gaza trigger a wider war? | Israel-Palestine conflict News

Video Period 24 minutes 40 seconds

Fears are rising of one other conflict in Gaza after Israel launched air strikes on the besieged Palestinian territory.

The Israeli navy is warning of per week of operations towards armed teams.

Stress had been constructing since Tuesday when Israeli forces arrested Palestinian Islamic Jihad commander Bassam al-Saadi within the West Financial institution.

On Friday and Saturday, Israeli missiles focused Gaza, killing one other Islamic Jihad commander and two dozen others, together with six youngsters.

Palestinians hit again with greater than 400 rockets.

What prompted the newest escalation? And what impression will it have on the every day lives of Palestinians?

Presenter: Sami Zeidan

Company:

Raji Sourani – director of Palestinian Centre for Human Rights

Nour Odeh – political analyst and columnist

Yoni Ben-Menachem – political analyst and journalist

‘Restraint and common sense’: Reaction to Israel’s Gaza attack | Israel-Palestine conflict News

There was combined response to Israel’s lethal assault on the Gaza Strip and Palestinian rocket hearth in response, with Israel and its allies defending the air raids and people supporting the besieged territory denouncing the violence.

Under is world response to Friday’s lethal air raids on Gaza:

United Nations

The UN particular coordinator for the Center East peace course of, Tor Wennesland, warned the “harmful” escalation risked creating the necessity for extra support at a time when world sources had been stretched by different conflicts.

“Up to now few hours, at the very least 10 Palestinians had been killed by Israeli air strikes. I’m deeply saddened by studies {that a} five-year-old baby has been killed in these strikes. There will be no justification for any assaults towards civilians,” stated Wennesland.

“The launching of rockets should stop instantly, and I name on all sides to keep away from additional escalation.”

United States

John Kirby, US Nationwide Safety Council coordinator for strategic communications, defended Israel’s assault on Gaza and urged each side to de-escalate the state of affairs.

“We’re actively engaged with the Israeli-Palestinian regional companions to work in direction of reaching extra calm within the wake of those strikes. And we definitely urge all sides to keep away from additional escalation. We stay unwavering in our dedication to Israel’s safety, and we’ll proceed to work to strengthen all points of the US-Israeli partnership.”

“We completely totally assist Israel’s proper to defend itself towards terrorist teams which are taking the lives of harmless civilians in Israel. As for the two-state resolution, we stay dedicated to a two-state resolution. That was one of many president’s key messages on this journey, each to Jerusalem and Bethlehem. We nonetheless wish to see that be the result, however each side should need it too.”

Gaza
Smoke rises following Israeli air raids on a constructing in Gaza Metropolis on Friday [Hatem Moussa/AP]

Turkey

Ankara “strongly” condemned the Israeli air raids on Gaza and stated it’s “unacceptable that civilians, together with kids, lose their lives in assaults”.

The international ministry in an announcement urged “restraint and customary sense” following the lethal assaults on the blockaded enclave.

“We’re deeply involved in regards to the rising stress within the area after the assaults. We emphasize the necessity to finish these occasions earlier than they flip into a brand new spiral of battle,” it stated.

Egypt

Cairo is working to calm the newest escalation in Gaza. “We hope to succeed in a consensus to return to calm as quickly as doable,” an unnamed safety supply instructed AFP information company. Individually, one other supply stated a delegation from Islamic Jihad might head to Cairo later Saturday.

Hamas’ Doha-based chief Ismail Haniyeh has held talks with “Egyptian intelligence” over the violence, an announcement from the group stated. Egypt, a historic dealer between Israel and armed teams in Gaza, negotiated the ceasefire that ended the battle in Might of final yr.

Qatar

Qatar – a serious monetary backer that has spent billions of {dollars} rebuilding Gaza and supporting its individuals after Israeli assaults – expressed its “robust condemnation and denunciation” of Friday’s assaults. It burdened “the necessity for the worldwide group to maneuver urgently to cease the [Israeli] occupation’s repeated assaults towards civilians, particularly ladies and youngsters”.

In an announcement Friday, the international affairs ministry reiterated, “The State of Qatar’s agency place on the justice of the Palestinian trigger, the official rights of the brotherly Palestinian individuals, and the institution of their impartial state on the 1967 borders, with East Jerusalem as its capital.”

Jordan

Amman demanded that Israel “instantly cease its aggression” on the Gaza Strip. Spokesman Haitham Abu al-Ful warned of “harmful” penalties that “will solely enhance stress and violence and deepen the atmosphere of despair”.

“The answer to the issue of the Gaza Strip and stopping the escalation of violence lies to find an actual political horizon by returning to the negotiating desk to attain a simply peace on the premise of the two-state resolution,” he stated.

Israel

Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid in a televised assertion pledged to do “no matter it takes to defend our individuals”.

“Israel carried out a exact counter-terror operation towards a right away risk. Our battle shouldn’t be with the individuals of Gaza.

“Islamic Jihad is an Iranian proxy, that wishes to destroy the State of Israel and kill harmless Israelis. The top of Islamic Jihad, is in Tehran as we converse. We are going to do no matter it takes to defend our individuals. Israel isn’t inquisitive about a broader battle in Gaza, however is not going to shrink back from one both.”

Islamic Jihad

In an announcement, the Islamic Jihad stated, “The enemy has begun a conflict focusing on our individuals, and all of us have the responsibility to defend ourselves and our individuals, and never permit the enemy to get away with its actions, that are aimed toward undermining the resistance and nationwide steadfastness.”

Hamas

Ghazi Hamad, a senior official for Hamas – the group that governs the Strip – stated the newest assault is “a brutal crime, a bloodbath completed by the Israeli occupation towards our individuals”.

Palestinian factions are exploring the “best choice for the Palestinian individuals”.

Palestinian Authority

The Palestinian Authority, which governs the occupied West Financial institution, condemned “the Israeli aggression on the Gaza Strip and demanded its fast cessation”.

“The presidency known as on the worldwide group to compel Israel to cease this aggression towards our individuals all over the place, notably in Gaza, and to offer them with worldwide safety,” it stated in an announcement.