On Roe anniversary, US VP says no freedom without abortion rights | Women’s Rights News

Vice President Kamala Harris has warned that abortion rights are beneath assault throughout the USA in a speech to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the Roe v Wade ruling.

Harris stated the now-defunct Supreme Courtroom ruling, which codified federal abortion protections however was struck down by conservative justices final yr, had enshrined the “elementary constitutional proper of a girl to make choices of her personal physique, not the federal government”.

“America is the land of the free and the house of the courageous. However allow us to ask: Can we actually be free if a girl can not make choices about her personal physique?” the vp stated on Sunday from Tallahassee, Florida.

“Can we actually be free if a health care provider can not look after her sufferers? Can we actually be free if households can not make intimate choices in regards to the course of their very own lives?”

Previous to the speech, the White Home introduced its newest efforts to shore up help for abortion rights, saying it was “in session” with the Workplace of the Legal professional Normal and the Division of Homeland Safety “to contemplate new steerage to help sufferers, suppliers, and pharmacies who want to legally entry, prescribe, or present” abortion medicine and to contemplate new methods to “be certain that sufferers can entry authorized reproductive care”.

The Meals and Drug Administration additionally introduced this month that so-called abortion capsules would change into extra broadly out there at pharmacies and thru the mail.

Nonetheless, the administration of US President Joe Biden has been comparatively restricted in its potential to reply to the overturning of Roe v Wade with out the passage of federal laws. Such an effort is all however certain to fail amid opposition from Republicans, who management the Home of Representatives and who final yr launched a invoice that bans abortions nationwide at 15 weeks from conception, with few exceptions.

“Because the Supreme Courtroom’s resolution, People, time and time once more, have made their voices heard: Girls ought to be capable to make these deeply private choices free from political interference,” Biden stated in a press release on Sunday.

“But, Republicans in Congress and throughout the nation proceed to push for a nationwide abortion ban, to criminalise docs and nurses, and to make contraception tougher to entry. It’s harmful, excessive, and out of contact.”

In the meantime, the Girls’s March motion, which fashioned within the wake of the election victory of former President Donald Trump, referred to as for a so-called “Larger than Roe” nationwide mobilisation on Sunday, with a flagship march deliberate in Madison, Wisconsin, and different gatherings deliberate in cities throughout the nation.

The mobilisation comes after anti-abortion advocates held their annual “March for Life” rally on Friday in Washington, DC, with organisers hailing the overturning of Roe v Wade and calling for additional restrictions on abortion.

New face of abortion rights

The repeal of Roe v Wade has introduced the battle over abortion entry to state legislatures and courts.

Some states have moved to shore up protections via new legal guidelines or poll measures, with voters in California, Michigan, and Vermont transferring to enshrine abortion rights of their state constitutions through the 2022 midterm elections.

Others have enacted sweeping restrictions on abortion, with the Guttmacher Institute figuring out 12 states as of Sunday the place abortion is banned besides in uncommon exceptions.

Different restrictions have been held up as a result of court docket challenges, with an evaluation by the Kaiser Household Basis figuring out energetic litigation towards abortion restrictions in 14 states. About half of US states at the moment have some type of abortion bans in place.

Talking to reporters on Friday, White Home Press Secretary Karine Jean-Pierre stated that Harris could be talking in Florida as a result of it’s emblematic of battles enjoying out throughout the nation.

Florida at the moment has a ban on abortions after 15 weeks of conception, a interval earlier than many ladies know they’re pregnant. Nonetheless, its restrictions are much less stringent than these of its neighbouring states, making it an vital useful resource for girls within the area.

Nonetheless, abortion rights advocates worry extra restrictions could possibly be thought-about by the Republican-controlled state legislature and Republican Governor Ron DeSantis.

The governor is predicted to hunt the Republican nomination within the 2024 presidential election, a race the place abortion rights are all however assured to loom giant.

“So we’re combating again,” Harris stated on Sunday. “The precise of each girl in each state on this nation to make choices about her physique is on the road. I’ve stated it earlier than and I’ll say it once more: How dare they.”

Tanzania opposition holds first rally in six years | Politics News

1000’s of Chadema celebration supporters collect within the lakeside metropolis of Mwanza after authorities lifts a ban on the celebration.

Tanzania’s foremost opposition celebration has held its first mass rally for the reason that lifting of a 2016 ban, elevating hopes of larger political freedom within the East African nation.

President Samia Suluhu Hassan this month lifted the ban on Chadema imposed by her hardline predecessor John Magufuli, who was nicknamed “Bulldozer” for his pugnacious model.

Hassan, in energy for 22 months, is in search of to interrupt with a few of Magufuli’s insurance policies and has made overtures to the opposition.

“Thank God that the day has come once we communicate with fellow Tanzanians by means of this public gathering,” Chadema Chairman Freeman Mbowe informed the rally on Saturday, which was attended by hundreds within the lakeside metropolis of Mwanza.

The rally marked the thirtieth anniversary of the celebration’s political registration.

The supporters sported the celebration colors – blue, crimson and white – and sang songs praising their leaders as a handful of law enforcement officials guarded the venue.

“We now have been silent for nearly seven years however lastly, our proper is restored and we’re prepared to maneuver forward,” Mary Dismas, Mwanza resident, informed AFP information company.

The transfer was cautiously welcomed as a achieve for democracy by rights teams and the nation’s opposition.

Magufuli had banned political rallies early in his tenure, saying it was time for work, not politics.

However critics mentioned the ban utilized solely to opposition teams, with the ruling celebration free to assemble.

Rival gatherings have been violently damaged up by police and celebration officers have been jailed.

There was early optimism when Hassan, Tanzania’s first feminine president, reached out to rivals, reopened banned media shops and reversed a few of Magufuli’s most controversial insurance policies.

However her presidency got here beneath criticism when Mbowe and different senior Chadema officers have been arrested in July 2021 simply hours earlier than they have been to carry a public assembly in search of constitutional reforms.

Hassan, who has battled divisions in her ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi celebration, has since made conciliatory gestures in the direction of the opposition.

Tanzania opposition rally
Chadema officers mentioned on Saturday a sequence of grassroots rallies are lined up [Michael Jamson/AFP]

In early 2022, she met in Brussels with Chadema Deputy Chairman Tundu Lissu, who was the celebration’s candidate within the 2020 presidential election however lives in exile in Belgium after an try on his life in 2017.

Lissu mentioned final week that he would return to Tanzania on January 25, expressing optimism that “2023 is a vital 12 months within the historical past of our nation”.

His celebration comrade Mbowe, who spent seven months in jail on terrorism fees, led the Saturday rally, organised within the port metropolis the place they have been arrested.

“Our reconciliation dialog with the president has yielded as a result of even the police who arrested me in Mwanza are immediately guarding our assembly,” Mbowe mentioned, asking supporters to applaud the officers “for an excellent job”.

Whereas heaping reward on Hassan, the 61-year-old mentioned the demand for a brand new structure and an unbiased electoral physique was on the prime of the celebration’s agenda now.

“I deeply admire President Samia Suluhu Hassan’s tolerance throughout our dialog for reconciliation … some individuals would wish to hear me insulting her however I’ll by no means do this.”

Canada says it will repatriate 23 of its citizens from Syria | ISIL/ISIS News

Transfer comes after the residents, at the moment detained in camps for ISIL relations in Syria, challenged Ottawa in courtroom.

Canada is about to repatriate 23 of its residents at the moment detained in camps for ISIL (ISIS) relations in northeastern Syria, in accordance with officers and attorneys representing the residents.

The repatriation, which represents the biggest group of ISIL relations repatriated to Canada at one, was decided in two actions on Friday.

First, the overseas ministry stated it had determined to repatriate six Canadian girls and 13 infants who had been residing within the locked camps.

Later, a federal courtroom dominated that 4 males looking for repatriation as a part of that group should even be despatched again to Canada.

“I’ve spoken to the mother and father and so they’re actually, actually pleased,” stated lawyer Barbara Jackman, who’s representing one of many males.

In his ruling on Friday, federal choose Henry Brown directed Ottawa to request repatriation of the lads as quickly as fairly potential and supply them with passports or emergency journey paperwork.

It was not instantly clear when the 23 people can be repatriated, or if they might face any authorized penalties for alleged associations with ISIL.

Legal professionals representing the residents have argued that Ottawa is obligated to repatriate the group underneath the Canadian Constitution of Rights and Freedoms.

In accordance with Human Rights Watch, since ISIL’s territorial defeat in 2019, greater than 42,400 overseas adults and youngsters with alleged ties to the group have been held in camps in Syria run principally by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).

The rights group warned in a 2020 report on Canadians within the camps, “The harmless, similar to the kids who by no means selected to be born or reside underneath ISIS, haven’t any hope of leaving. In the meantime, any detainees probably implicated in ISIS crimes could by no means face justice.”

On the time, Human Rights Watch stated the Canadians within the camps included eight males, 13 girls, and 26 kids.

In 2020, Ottawa allowed the return of a five-year-old orphan lady from Syria after her uncle initiated authorized motion in opposition to the Canadian authorities.

Final October, Canada introduced again two girls and two kids from the camps.

Among the many males set to be repatriated following the latest ruling is Jack Letts, a twin UK-Canadian citizen whose British citizenship was reportedly revoked in 2019.

Australia, Germany, France, Spain, the US, the Netherlands and the UK have all repatriated residents from Syria.

Is globalisation breaking down or transforming? | Business and Economy

From: Counting the Value

Disaster upon disaster threatens to fracture the worldwide economic system after a long time of financial integration.

The tip of the Chilly Conflict, free commerce and technological advances have helped create a world system that’s delicate to what’s occurring on the opposite aspect of the world.

Globalisation has been credited for creating economies, growing incomes and lifting thousands and thousands of individuals out of poverty.

However the pandemic and the warfare in Ukraine have uncovered the fragility of that financial interdependence.

On the identical time, globalisation has additionally been criticised for growing inequality, and worldwide charity Oxfam says the world’s richest 1 p.c pocketed practically twice as a lot wealth as everybody else over the past two years.

Jury deliberates in Oath Keepers seditious conspiracy trial | Courts News

Prosecutors allege that the far-right group took half in a violent plot to overturn the outcomes of the 2020 election.

A United States jury continues to deliberate on whether or not 4 members of the far-right militia group often called the Oath Keepers dedicated the crime of “seditious conspiracy” in the course of the January 6, 2021, assault on the US Capitol.

Throughout closing arguments on Wednesday, federal prosecutor Louis Manzo instructed the jury that the defendants had been prepared recruits in an effort to make use of violent means to cease the certification of the 2020 presidential election, by which Republican incumbent Donald Trump misplaced to Democrat Joe Biden.

“Our democracy was underneath assault, however for the defendants, it was the whole lot they educated for and a second to rejoice,” Manzo mentioned. “The defendants couldn’t let the election stand. They may not let Biden come to energy.”

The conclusion of the trial will mark the top of probably the most high-profile instances associated to the lethal assault on the US Capitol, by which a mob of Trump supporters tried to halt the peaceable transition of energy.

The 4 Oath Keepers members on trial — Roberto Minuta, Joseph Hackett, David Moerschel and Edward Vallejo — are dealing with prices of seditious conspiracy for his or her position within the assaults.

In November, the group’s chief, Stewart Rhodes, was discovered responsible of the identical cost and faces a jail sentence of as much as 20 years.

One other sedition trial is at present underneath means for members of the far-right group often called the “Proud Boys“, with the organisation’s chief, Henry “Enrique” Tarrio, among the many defendants.

Greater than 950 folks have been charged with crimes in relation to the 2021 Capitol assault, and not less than 192 folks have been sentenced to time behind bars, based on the US Division of Justice.

The costs vary from crimes similar to coming into a restricted constructing and impeding an official continuing, to assaulting cops and conspiracy.

About 484 have additionally pleaded responsible to numerous prices. A number of Oath Keepers have beforehand supplied responsible pleas to seditious conspiracy, a comparatively uncommon and difficult-to-prove cost that alleges the defendant plotted to assault the US authorities or oppose its authority.

They embrace Graydon Younger, a 54-year-old Florida resident who submitted his plea throughout a listening to in June 2021.

November’s seditious conspiracy conviction towards Rhodes and one other chief within the Oath Keepers’ Florida chapter was seen as a significant victory for the Division of Justice. The present trial of the 4 members will check whether or not a jury can be persuaded to convict lower-level members of sedition.

Throughout Rhodes’s trial, three different members of the Oath Keepers had been acquitted of sedition however discovered responsible of obstructing Congress from certifying the electoral depend, which may additionally end in as much as 20 years in jail.

Whereas not one of the 4 defendants within the present trial was believed to have held high-ranking positions within the group, Hackett, Minuta and Moerschel bodily entered the Capitol, whereas Vallejo allegedly stockpiled weapons in close by Virginia.

The defendants’ attorneys have denied that the 4 members plotted to dam the certification and mentioned that the prosecution had painted a deceptive image of their involvement.

“This case is a few narrative in a sea of proof,” mentioned Minuta’s lawyer William Shipley. “However the proof isn’t there.”

Prosecutors have pointed to incendiary movies Minuta posted on social media on the day of the riot as proof on the contrary.

“You realize what? Thousands and thousands will die. So what?” Minuta says in a single video. “Get your fucking soul prepared. Get proper with God.”

About 500 evacuated as fire rips through Seoul settlement | News

Dozens of properties had been destroyed within the early morning blaze on the sting of town’s rich Gangnam district.

A fireplace has destroyed dozens of properties in a densely populated district of makeshift properties on the sting of Seoul’s rich Gangnam neighbourhood, forcing a whole lot of residents to flee.

The fireplace broke out in Guryong village in southern Seoul on Friday at about 6.27am (21:27 GMT on Thursday), destroying a minimum of 60 homes, in accordance with authorities. About 800 firefighters, cops and troopers, in addition to 10 helicopters, had been deployed to extinguish the hearth, which took about 5 hours.

Shin Yong-ho, an official on the hearth division of Seoul’s Gangnam district, mentioned rescue employees had been persevering with to go looking areas affected by the hearth however that it was believed that every one residents had been evacuated safely. No casualties had been reported.

Guryong, with its buildings product of wooden, cardboard and tarpaulin, is an emblem of inequality in Asia’s fourth-largest economic system and is surrounded by the glitzy skyscrapers of the prosperous Gangnam.

A view of Guryong after the fire was extinguished. Smoke is rising the ash and there are skyscrapers behind
Guryong lies on the sting of the swanky Gangnam district and was fashioned after the then-military authorities sought to beautify town within the run-up to the 1988 Olympics [Ahn Young-joon/AP Photo]

Kim Ah-reum, an official on the Gangnam district workplace, mentioned about 500 residents had been evacuated to close by amenities together with a college gymnasium. Officers plan to maneuver an unspecified variety of folks whose properties had been destroyed or severely broken to a few inns.

“How may this occur on the Lunar New Yr holidays?” 66-year-old village resident Kim Sung-han requested, speaking to The Related Press information company, referring to this weekend’s vacation, one of many nation’s greatest.

“I needed to run out of house solely in these garments”, with out with the ability to deliver out the rest, Kim mentioned. “I couldn’t go to work … when it’s already so laborious to stay.”

Shin mentioned it was presumed that the hearth started at one of many village’s properties and the trigger was being investigated.

Guryong, which covers an space of about 2,700 sq. metres (29,000 sq. toes), has lengthy been vulnerable to fires, floods and different disasters. Eleven homes had been destroyed throughout a hearth on the village in March final yr, and about 100 folks had been pressured to evacuate after flooding final August.

The federal government introduced plans for redevelopment in 2011, however the efforts have made little progress due to variations over land compensation points and residents’ eligibility for presidency assist for relocation.

The settlement was fashioned within the Nineteen Eighties for individuals who had been evicted from their authentic neighbourhoods as town cleared slums and low-income districts for redevelopment, a course of the nation’s then-military leaders noticed as essential in beautifying town within the run-up to the 1988 Olympic Video games.

Leaders of Chechnya, Wagner blast Russian army beard ban | Russia-Ukraine war News

Crucial feedback are the most recent outburst towards the Russian navy management by two of Vladimir Putin’s staunchest allies.

Chechen chief Ramzan Kadyrov criticised a ban on Russian troopers carrying beards, noting his forces combating in Ukraine are Muslims and having facial hair is a spiritual obligation.

Kadyrov’s feedback are the most recent outburst towards the Russian navy management as he joined Wagner Group mercenary chief Yevgeny Prigozhin in venting public criticism.

In an interview with the RBC information website on Wednesday, Viktor Sobolev, a retired lieutenant-general and member of Russia’s parliament, defended the ban on beards, private smartphones, and tablets as an “elementary a part of navy self-discipline”.

Writing on Telegram on Thursday, the bearded Kadyrov – who has talked up the function of his troops in Russia’s warfare in Ukraine – wrote, “Apparently, Lieutenant-Normal Viktor Sobolev has numerous free time … since he has nothing to do however rereading the navy code of conduct.”

Kadyrov known as Sobolev’s feedback “a transparent provocation”, saying his largely Muslim troopers wore beards as a part of their spiritual obligation.

Wagner’s Prigozhin, whose rift with the defence institution has turn into more and more public prior to now week, known as Sobolev’s feedback “absurd” and “archaisms from the Sixties”.

Kadyrov and Prigozhin, whose forces in Ukraine function largely autonomously of the excessive command, have turn into extra outspoken of their criticism of the Russian navy management since Moscow’s armies suffered a string of cascading defeats in late 2022.

The 2 males have fashioned a tacit alliance, amplifying one another’s criticism of the navy high brass and calling for a extra vigorous prosecution of the warfare.

It stays to be seen how the connection between the assorted combating forces unfolds after Russia ordered its high common, Valery Gerasimov, to take cost of its invasion of Ukraine this month.

Infographic: Road to the Arabian Gulf Cup final | Football News

Iraq face Oman within the 2023 Gulf Cup closing on Thursday. We break down the soccer historical past between the 2 groups.

Hosts Iraq will face Oman within the closing of the eight-nation Arabian Gulf Cup at 7pm (16:00 GMT) on January 19.

The event, which is being held in Basra, is the primary main soccer event to be hosted by Iraq in additional than 40 years.

Each groups stay undefeated on this 12 months’s version, with Iraq beating Qatar 2-1 within the semifinals and Oman edging out Bahrain 1-0 to achieve the ultimate.

Historic file: Iraq vs Oman

Iraq and Oman met on the pitch for the primary time throughout the fourth Arabian Gulf Cup, held in Qatar in 1976. Iraq gained that match 4-0.

All through their 26-match soccer historical past, Iraq has gained 12 matches whereas Oman has gained six. Eight matches resulted in a draw.

The very best recorded rating between the 2 groups was throughout the 1979 Gulf Cup, by which hosts Iraq gained 7-0.

INTERACTIVE - Iraq vs Oman- historical record

How Iraq and Oman reached the ultimate

Iraq topped their group with seven factors, together with wins over Saudi Arabia (2-0) and Yemen (5-0) and a draw towards Oman (0-0).

Oman additionally beat Saudi Arabia (2-1) and Yemen (3-2) to return second within the group on purpose distinction.

INTERACTIVE - Road to the 25th Arabian Gulf Cup final

Arabian Gulf Cup winners

The Arabian Gulf Cup is a biennial soccer competitors run by the Arab Gulf Cup Soccer Federation. Its eight member nations embrace Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

With 10 championship wins, Kuwait has been probably the most profitable staff within the event’s 53-year historical past. Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Iraq every have three titles. Oman has two titles.

Present champions Bahrain claimed their first Arab Cup trophy by defeating Saudi Arabia 1-0 in 2019.

INTERACTIVE - Arabian Gulf Cup winners

Ukraine’s Zelenskyy invites China’s President Xi for ‘dialogue’ | Russia-Ukraine war News

Zelenskyy’s spouse, Olena Zelenska, says a letter to Russian President Vladimir Putin’s ally was handed to the Chinese language delegation in Davos.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has written a letter inviting Chinese language chief Xi Jinping for talks as Russia’s invasion nears its one-year anniversary.

The letter was handed over in Davos, Switzerland, to the Chinese language delegation on the World Financial Discussion board, his spouse Olena Zelenska mentioned on Wednesday.

Zelenskyy has repeatedly sought to make contact with Xi since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February final 12 months within the hope that Beijing will use its affect over Russian chief Vladimir Putin.

“It was a gesture and invitation to dialogue and I hope very a lot that there shall be a response to this invitation,” Zelenska instructed reporters.

China and Russia introduced a “no limits” partnership in February final 12 months, shortly earlier than Putin ordered his troops into Ukraine.

Beijing has sought to place itself as impartial within the warfare, whereas on the identical time deepening ties with Moscow, notably within the vitality sector.

However some analysts have advised China may finally step in as a mediator to barter an finish to the combating in Ukraine.

International minister Wang Yi known as final September “on all events involved to maintain the disaster from spilling over”, underlining concern concerning the financial affect of the battle that has affected international locations worldwide.

Zelenskyy instructed the South China Morning Put up newspaper in August that he “requested formally for a dialog” with Xi, including dialogue can be “useful”.

International ministers from each international locations met on the sidelines of the United Nations Normal Meeting in New York in September.

Rights groups ask Sri Lanka to free student arrested for protests | Human Rights News

Wasantha Mudalige, arrested 5 months in the past, is being held with out expenses underneath a harsh anti-terrorism regulation.

Human rights teams have urged Sri Lanka to launch a distinguished pupil activist who was arrested 5 months in the past throughout anti-government protests triggered by the nation’s worst financial disaster.

Wasantha Mudalige, who’s being held with out expenses underneath a harsh anti-terrorism regulation, was introduced earlier than a Justice of the Peace in Colombo on Tuesday who ordered him to be remanded till January 31.

Seven human rights teams, together with Amnesty Worldwide and Human Rights Watch, mentioned underneath the highly effective Prevention of Terrorism Act, which has been used since 1979, courts routinely deny bail whether it is opposed by the lawyer normal.

Mudalige is the convener of the Inter-College College students’ Federation and was concerned in months of anti-government demonstrations final 12 months. The protesters demanded wide-ranging reforms to resolve the financial disaster that triggered extreme shortages of important items, gas and medication.

The protests culminated within the flight and resignation of then-President Gotabaya Rajapaksa after hundreds of individuals stormed his residence in July.

His successor, Ranil Wickremesinghe, initiated talks with the Worldwide Financial Fund for a bailout bundle that’s contingent on reforms and debt restructuring. Wickremesinghe’s authorities additionally gave sweeping powers to the authorities to crack down on the protests, arresting many activists.

Rights teams say the army has sought to curtail protests via intimidation, surveillance and arbitrary arrests since Wickremesinghe took workplace in July.

Lots of these arrested have been launched on bail, however the rights teams say authorities have used extraordinary powers to maintain Mudalige in detention with out producing any proof of his “involvement in terrorism”.

The teams mentioned in a press release on Monday that for a lot of the time, Mudalige has been held in “solitary confinement and poor circumstances, which might violate the prohibition on torture or different ill-treatment underneath worldwide human rights regulation”.

Sri Lanka student arrest
A protester holds a placard demanding the discharge of pupil chief Wasantha Mudalige exterior a Justice of the Peace’s courtroom in Colombo [Eranga Jayawardena/AP Photo]

Mudalige was additionally arrested and jailed for greater than three months in 2021 after protesting for the correct to free training.

For months, opposition legislators, rights and pupil activists have been demanding the discharge of Mudalige and an finish to the federal government crackdown on demonstrations linked to the financial disaster.

The rights teams additionally urged the federal government to repeal the anti-terror regulation, which permits for as much as a 12 months of detention with out cost on the orders of the defence minister, a place presently held by Wickremesinghe.

In March, the federal government launched some reforms to the anti-terror regulation. Nonetheless, opposition and rights teams referred to as them beauty and mentioned the regulation nonetheless permits the detention of suspects with out warrants and the usage of confessions obtained via torture.

Critics say the regulation, launched in the course of the nation’s civil struggle in 1979, has been extensively abused, inflicting numerous harmless individuals to spend years in jail with out trial.

Wickremesinghe was elected by parliament to finish Rajapaksa’s time period, which ends in 2024. He’s unpopular as a result of he’s supported by legislators who’re nonetheless backed by the Rajapaksa household, which dominated Sri Lanka for many of the previous 20 years.

Many additionally accuse Wickremesinghe of defending the Rajapaksas, who’re extensively blamed for corruption and misrule that led to the disaster.

Sri Lanka is successfully bankrupt and has suspended reimbursement of almost $7bn in international debt due this 12 months pending the end result of talks with the IMF. The nation’s whole international debt exceeds $51bn, of which $28bn needs to be repaid by 2027.