What’s behind the latest setback in the Iran nuclear talks? | Nuclear Energy News

Video Length 24 minutes 10 seconds

From: Inside Story

European leaders say they doubt Tehran’s intentions to revive the 2015 settlement.

France, the UK and Germany have raised questions on Iran’s intentions to revive the 2015 nuclear settlement.

This comes days after Tehran despatched its response to the European Union’s newest proposed textual content for reviving the deal.

The three Western nations say Iran’s calls for are stopping talks from resuming in Vienna.

Iran has denied the European allegations.

So, is a deal nonetheless potential?

Presenter: Hashem Ahelbarra

Company:

Hillary Mann Leverett – former US Division of State diplomatic official and former US-Iran negotiator

Mohammad Marandi – media adviser for the Iranian negotiating staff in Vienna and a professor on the College of Tehran

Is a return to the Iran nuclear deal imminent? | TV News

From: Inside Story

Optimism for revised accord following 16 months of negotiations.

Diplomats say they imagine they’re near restoring the Iran nuclear deal, 4 years after the USA pulled out.

For the previous 16 months, negotiators from Washington and Tehran have been working with the opposite signatories to reestablish the accord.

The European Union laid down what it known as its remaining provide earlier this month.

Few particulars have been formally made public, however sources have instructed Al Jazeera the brand new deal will likely be rolled out in 4 phases throughout two 60-day durations.

The EU’s international coverage chief says Tehran has given what he calls a “affordable” response to the proposal.

All sides are ready for the US to answer.

So what are the ultimate hurdles to a brand new settlement?

Presenter: Laura Kyle

Visitors:

Mohammad Marandi – Adviser to the Iranian negotiation group

Hamidreza Azizi – Visiting fellow, German Institute for Worldwide and Safety Affairs

Alex Vatanka – Director and senior fellow, The Center East Institute

Iran blames ‘procrastinating’ US for nuclear deal delays | News

Biden administration doesn’t have the resolve to face off JCPOA opponents, an Iranian state media outlet mentioned.

Tehran, Iran – Iran has confirmed that it has but to obtain a response from america on its newest proposals to revive their 2015 nuclear deal, blaming Washington for its inaction.

“What issues thus far is procrastination from the American facet on providing a response,” overseas ministry spokesman Nasser Kanani advised reporters on Monday.

“We acted in time and we’ve all the time proven that we’ve acted responsibly” within the nuclear talks, he mentioned.

Per week in the past, Iran submitted its response to a “closing textual content” circulated by the European Union after the newest spherical of talks with stakeholders – specifically China, France, Germany, Russia, and the UK – in Vienna.

The US has mentioned it reviewing the textual content and is involved with its allies.

On Monday, the EU’s overseas coverage chief Josep Borrell mentioned Iran’s response to the EU proposal was “cheap”.

In the meantime, unconfirmed particulars of a possible settlement have emerged, which neither facet has formally commented on.

The Iranian overseas ministry spokesman on Monday mentioned “comparatively good progress” was made earlier this month throughout the newest spherical of the talks that originally started in April 2021, however an settlement will solely materialise when all points are agreed upon.

On Monday, Iran’s state-run IRNA revealed a report that accused US President Joe Biden’s administration of inaction. The outlet argued US officers have “weak resolve” in dealing with nuclear deal opponents in Washington and Israeli officers who need the deal lifeless.

Final week, Axios reported that Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid has once more referred to as on the White Home to desert efforts to revive the nuclear accord, and mentioned refraining from doing so would sign “weak point”.

In 2018, the US unilaterally deserted the Joint Complete Plan of Motion (JCPOA), because the deal is formally recognized, imposing harsh sanctions on Tehran which might be in impact to this present day. In response, Iran progressively superior its nuclear programme, whereas sustaining that it was strictly peaceable.

A possible settlement would elevate a whole lot of sanctions and launch billions of {dollars} of frozen Iranian belongings whereas re-establishing stringent curbs on Iran’s nuclear programme.

‘Plan B’ and prisoner swap

US officers have repeatedly confused that they continue to be dedicated to the negotiations as the best choice out there however in addition they have a “plan B” within the works that features placing extra strain on Tehran.

Final week, Iran’s overseas minister Hossein Amirabdollahian mentioned Tehran had its personal “plan B”, with out elaborating additional.

The overseas ministry’s Kanani mentioned on Monday that Iran’s different route, ought to the JCPOA fail, consists of strengthening President Ebrahim Raisi’s push for diplomacy and negotiations, each within the area and past.

“The difficulty of the talks to elevate the sanctions is just one of many points in our overseas relations. We now have not and won’t tie different points regarding overseas relations – particularly financial relations and commerce – to those talks,” he mentioned.

Kanani additionally reiterated that Iran believes an trade of prisoners with the US stays potential and blamed Washington for a failure thus far to agree on a prisoner swap.

“This subject is separate from the talks to elevate the sanctions,” he mentioned. “We’re prepared to debate the discharge of prisoners outdoors of these negotiations.”

Iran deploys more centrifuges as it proposes new round of talks | Nuclear Energy News

Tehran, Iran – Iran has begun the method of feeding gasoline into cascades of latest centrifuges as its prime diplomat proposed a brand new spherical of negotiations in Vienna to revive the nation’s 2015 nuclear take care of world powers.

Behrouz Kamalvandi, spokesman of the Atomic Power Organisation of Iran (AEOI), instructed state tv Monday evening that an order was given to start feeding gasoline into “lots of” of each first-generation IR-1 and superior IR-6 machines.

He mentioned the Worldwide Atomic Power Company (IAEA) was knowledgeable of the transfer, which based on Kamalvandi is in step with a December 2020 parliament legislation that demanded elevated uranium enrichment utilizing superior machines till such a time that unilateral United States sanctions are lifted.

This got here hours after Iran’s Overseas Minister Hossein Amirabdollahian mentioned Tehran is reviewing what was billed as a ultimate proposed textual content by the European Union’s international coverage chief Josep Borrell final week to “conclude” negotiations that started within the Austrian capital in April 2021.

“We’ve introduced our readiness so in a specified time the delegations of Iran, 4+1 and the US – not directly – can comply with up on their talks in Vienna to pursue outcomes,” Amirabdollahian mentioned in reference to the nuclear-deal events China, Russia, France, Germany, and the UK.

 

The negotiations in Vienna to revive the Joint Complete Plan of Motion (JCPOA), because the deal is formally recognized, had been placed on “pause” in March after most points had been resolved, leaving solely a handful of impactful factors left that must be determined politically.

However oblique negotiations between Tehran and Washington have since stalled, and a two-day spherical of talks in Qatar in late June additionally concluded with out progress. It’s nonetheless unclear whether or not the US and its European allies will conform to a brand new spherical of talks whereas the EU has known as for a ultimate political determination on its proposed textual content.

For his half, the Iranian international minister on Monday reiterated that Tehran desires its “purple strains” thought-about in a possible settlement, which he mentioned may materialise if Washington exhibits “flexibility” and a “life like” strategy.

Throughout a convention in New York on Monday geared toward reviewing the events to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken mentioned a restored JCPOA stays the “finest final result” for international nonproliferation.

The US unilaterally deserted the deal in 2018 beneath former President Donald Trump, imposing harsh sanctions which have since been enforced and expanded upon by President Joe Biden.

The Biden administration imposed new sanctions on Monday to focus on Iran’s petrochemical exports, a transfer that Iran’s international ministry denounced as a continuation of the “failed US most strain coverage” and likewise as a result of it got here as dozens of Iranians have died because of flash floods throughout the nation.

‘In a position however not planning to make a bomb’

Addressing the identical convention, IAEA Director-Common Rafael Grossi mentioned if Tehran desires to show the peacefulness of its nuclear programme, it should grant “full data” to the company.

“The dearth of progress in verifying the peaceable nature of Iran’s nuclear programme could have penalties on the regional safety panorama,” he mentioned.

Iran dismantled 27 company cameras lined by the JCPOA in June after a decision censuring its inadequate cooperation with the company was put ahead by the US, UK, France and Germany and was handed by the company’s board of governors.

The developments come as a number of high-ranking Iranian officers have mentioned in current weeks that Iran has the technical capability to make a nuclear bomb, but it surely has no plans to take action.

Iran’s nuclear chief Mohammad Eslami was extensively quoted by Iranian media as making that assertion on Monday, however AOEI spokesman Kamalvandi rapidly sought to make clear, saying Eslami was “misunderstood and misjudged” by the media when he mentioned that.

“Iran’s strategic potential and navy energy is deterrent sufficient to repel any international threats, thus rendering it pointless for the nation to design and develop nuclear weapons,” Kamalvandi mentioned.

However two different figures, advisers to Supreme Chief Ayatollah Ali Khamenei – Kamal Kharrazi and Mohammad Javad Larijani – have mentioned up to now month that Iran has the power however no plan to construct nuclear weapons, signaling new rhetoric in Tehran’s messaging to the West.

Iran’s official stance stays that it by no means has and by no means will search a bomb, in accordance with a ruling by the supreme chief.

US targets Chinese, UAE companies in new Iran sanctions | Nuclear Energy News

US official says absent return to nuclear deal, Washington will use sanctions to restrict Iranian petrochemical exports.

America has imposed sanctions on Chinese language and Emirati firms, in addition to a community of Iranian petrochemical producers, accusing them of serving to to “evade sanctions” by supporting the sale of Iran’s petrochemical merchandise overseas.

In a press release on Thursday, the US Division of the Treasury stated it had imposed penalties on two firms based mostly in Hong Kong, three in Iran, and 4 within the United Arab Emirates.

Sanctions additionally have been imposed on Chinese language citizen Jinfeng Gao and Indian nationwide Mohammed Shaheed Ruknooddin Bhore.

“America is pursuing the trail of significant diplomacy to attain a mutual return to compliance with the Joint Complete Plan of Motion,” stated Below Secretary of the Treasury for Terrorism and Monetary Intelligence Brian E Nelson, referring to the Iran nuclear deal.

“Absent a deal, we are going to proceed to make use of our sanctions authorities to restrict exports of petroleum, petroleum merchandise, and petrochemical merchandise from Iran.”

Former US President Donald Trump unilaterally withdrew from the JCPOA in 2018 and began a “most stress” marketing campaign of sanctions towards the Iranian financial system that his successor Joe Biden has continued to implement.

Tehran has been escalating its programme in response to Washington’s withdrawal from the pact.

Iranian officers say they need all US sanctions lifted instantly, whereas the Biden administration is asking for a mutual return to compliance that might see an finish to nuclear-related sanctions and a scaling again of Iran’s nuclear programme.

However a number of rounds of negotiations have been unsuccessful in restoring the settlement.

One of many key sticking factors seems to be the US designation of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) as a “overseas terrorist group”. Tehran desires the designation lifted, however Washington up to now has been reluctant to do it.

Iran’s deputy overseas minister for financial diplomacy dismissed the brand new US sanctions on Thursday as ineffective.

“Our petrochemical trade and its merchandise have lengthy been below sanctions, however our gross sales have continued by means of varied channels and shall proceed to take action,” Mehdi Safari advised Iranian state tv.

Henry Rome, deputy head of analysis on the Eurasia Group, stated the sanctions might intention each to boost stress on Iran and to blunt US home critics who’ve argued that Biden has didn’t rein in Iran’s nuclear programme.

“Washington is probably going aiming to boost the prices for Iran of a continued no-deal situation whereas additionally deflecting home and overseas criticism that it’s permitting its Iran coverage to float,” Rome advised the Reuters information company.

He added that any single sanctions motion was unlikely to vary pondering in Iran or China absent a broader technique.

China has remained the highest purchaser of Iranian oil, whereas India reluctantly ended imports below US stress.

“Certainly, Tehran might calculate that given the state of the oil market and international inflationary pressures, a concerted [US] marketing campaign to break down Iranian power exports to Trump-era ranges is just not within the playing cards within the close to time period,” Rome stated.

Iran: IRGC Quds Force member assassinated in Tehran: State media | News

BREAKING,

Hassan Sayyad Khodayari was a member of the Quds Power, IRGC’s overseas arm, who served in Syria up to now years.

Iran’s elite Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) says one among its members has been assassinated within the capital Tehran by gunmen using on two bikes, in accordance with the state information company IRNA.

Al Jazeera’s Ali Hashem mentioned that the IRGC issued a press release on Sunday saying Hassan Sayyad Khodayari was assassinated by the enemy of the revolution. He mentioned that Khodayari was a member of the Quds Power (which is accountable for the IRGC’s overseas operations) who served in Syria up to now years.

The Al Jazeera correspondent mentioned in a number of hours we are going to begin to learn about Khodayari and what he was doing in Syria, and the message behind this assassination.

“Is it, for instance, an Israeli assassination? That is what the Iranians are referring to when they’re saying ‘the enemies of the revolution are behind this assassination,’” Hashem mentioned.

The state company described him as a “defender of the sanctuary” – a time period used to explain anybody who works on behalf of the Islamic republic in Syria or Iraq.

The IRGC, the ideological arm of Iran’s army, recognized Khodayari as a colonel.

In keeping with IRNA, Khodayari was killed by 5 bullets as he returned dwelling at about 4:00pm (11:30 GMT).

The company revealed footage exhibiting a person slumped over within the driver’s seat of a automotive, with blood across the collar of his blue shirt and on his higher proper arm.

‘Terrorist act’

In a press release posted on their web site, the Guard Corps additionally denounced a “terrorist act” they claimed was carried out by “parts linked to world vanity”.

The Guard Corps mentioned they launched an investigation to determine the “aggressor or aggressors”.

In a separate growth, Iran’s state TV earlier introduced that members of an Israeli intelligence community had been discovered and arrested by the IRGC.

“Beneath the steering of the Zionist regime’s intelligence service, the community tried to steal and destroy private and public property, kidnapping and acquiring fabricated confessions by way of a community of thugs,” the IRGC public relations service mentioned in a press release.