Israeli air raids have killed at the least 31 individuals, together with six youngsters, throughout the Gaza Strip. Greater than 250 others have been wounded.
The Israeli assaults on Gaza have destroyed condominium buildings and struck refugee camps. The Palestinian armed group Islamic Jihad has responded by firing rockets in direction of Israel. In response to Israeli media, most have been intercepted by the Iron Dome missile defence system and no severe accidents have been reported.
The Israeli army says it’s getting ready for every week of operations. In the meantime, Egypt and the United Nations are attempting to dealer a truce.
Within the following collection of maps, Al Jazeera takes you on a journey throughout Gaza’s 5 governorates, highlighting key places, together with hospitals, faculties, universities, UN compounds, refugee camps, crossings and different important infrastructure.
Fifteen years of Israeli blockade
Gaza has a inhabitants of about 2.1 million individuals residing in 5 governorates: North Gaza, Gaza Metropolis, Deir al-Balah, Khan Yunis, and Rafah. Bordered by Israel and Egypt on the Mediterranean coast, the strip is about 365 sq. kilometres (141sq miles). At solely 41km (25 miles) lengthy, it will possibly take lower than an hour to drive from Rafah within the south to Beit Hanoun within the north.
Since 2008, Israel has waged 4 wars on the Palestinian territory, killing 1000’s of individuals, largely civilians. Throughout Israel’s final offensive on Gaza, Israeli assaults killed at the least 261 individuals, together with 67 youngsters, and wounded greater than 2,200, in line with the United Nations.
The 11-day assault broken at the least 51 schooling services, together with 46 faculties, two kindergartens, a United Nations Aid and Works Company for Palestine Refugees within the Close to East (UNRWA) coaching centre, and elements of the Islamic College of Gaza, in line with the UN.
Israeli raids additionally broken at the least six hospitals and 11 main healthcare centres, together with Gaza’s solely COVID-19 testing laboratory.
The district of North Gaza shares a 10km (6 miles) lengthy border with Israel. The Gaza Strip is surrounded by a closely fortified perimeter consisting of a concrete wall and double-wired fencing. Anybody who steps inside 1km (0.6 miles) of this barrier is in peril of being shot by the Israeli military, which patrols Gaza’s northern and japanese borders.
The Beit Hanoon crossing, often called Erez to Israelis and managed by the Israeli military, is Gaza’s solely northern crossing into Israel. From there, Palestinians with particular permits – often for pressing medical therapy – are allowed to go away Gaza on their approach to Jerusalem or the West Financial institution. Gaza is simply about 100km (62 miles) from Jerusalem, however due to tight safety measures, it turns into a number of hours of journey. Since 2007, Israel has imposed a sea and air blockade of Gaza.
North Gaza is house to the most important refugee camp within the Strip. The Jabalia refugee camp covers an space of 1.4sq km (0.5sq miles), and with a inhabitants of 114,000, it is likely one of the most densely populated locations on Earth.
Gaza Metropolis is the most important and most populous metropolis inside the Gaza Strip, with greater than 700,000 residents. Rimal, Shujaiya and Tel al-Hawa are amongst its most well-known neighbourhoods.
On the coronary heart of the Rimal neighbourhood is Al Shifa Hospital – the most important medical facility within the Gaza Strip.
Surrounding the hospital are a number of UN compounds, together with UNRWA, the Workplace of the United Nations Particular Coordinator for the Center East Peace Course of (UNSCO) and the UN Improvement Programme (UNDP). Gaza’s prime universities – together with the Islamic College of Gaza, Al-Azhar College – Gaza and the Al-Aqsa College, that are just some hundred metres aside – are additionally situated within the Rimal neighbourhood.
The Shati refugee camp, often known as Seaside Camp, is situated alongside Gaza’s Mediterranean shoreline and is the third-largest out of the Gaza Strip’s eight camps.
Named after the “Monastery of the Date Palm”, Deir el-Balah is one in every of Gaza’s largest agricultural producers. It’s also house to 4 refugee camps: Nuseirat, Al Bureij, Al Maghazi and Deir el-Balah.
Gaza’s solely working energy plant is situated alongside the district’s boundary with Gaza Metropolis. For the previous 10 years, the Gaza Strip has suffered from power electrical energy shortages, which have severely affected its skill to offer important providers together with well being, water and sanitation providers, manufacturing and agriculture.
Solely 5 p.c of Gaza’s water is protected to drink and 68 p.c of its inhabitants suffers from meals insecurity, in line with the UN.
The district of Khan Yunis is house to some 400,000 individuals. At its centre is the Khan Yunis refugee camp, house to about 87,000 individuals.
In 2005, practically 8,000 Jewish settlers and Israeli troopers residing in 21 settlements round Gaza have been relocated largely to the occupied West Financial institution following a call by then-Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon to unilaterally disengage from the Gaza Strip. Most of those settlements have been in Khan Yunis.
Israel claimed its occupation of Gaza since 1967 has ended because it has pulled its troops and settlers from the territory however worldwide legislation views Gaza as an occupied territory as a result of Israel has full management over Gaza’s borders, airspace and territorial waters.
Rafah is the southernmost district of Gaza with a inhabitants of greater than 250,000. The district is greatest identified for the crossing with Egypt that bears its title.
In 2020, the Rafah crossing and the Erez crossing into Israel have been open for under 125 days, in line with the UN. Palestinians who want to depart should apply for a restricted variety of passes to go away the Gaza Strip. This course of could take weeks or months, relying on the standing of the border.
Those that are in a position to get by way of the Rafah crossing should then make a six-to-eight-hour journey by way of the Sinai Desert passing a number of Egyptian checkpoints on their approach to Cairo, about 400km (250 miles) away. Rafah’s second crossing into Egypt is the Salah al-Din gate, which is used for transporting items.
The third crossing from Rafah is the Israeli-controlled Karem Abu Salem crossing, often called Kerem Shalom to Israelis.
Gaza has no purposeful airports after Israel bombed and demolished the Yasser Arafat Worldwide Airport in 2001, solely three years after it opened.
Gaza once more is the scene of widespread destruction and human struggling and stays the place typically described as “the world’s largest open-air jail”.